National Trust Red House

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Commissioned by William Morris (artist, craftsman and philosopher) and designed by Philip Webb, Red House is of enormous international significance in the history of domestic architecture and garden design.

Red House in Bexleyheath in the southern suburbs of London, England is a key building in the history of the Arts and Crafts movement and of 19th century British architecture. It was designed in 1859 by its owner, William Morris, and the architect Philip Webb, with wall paintings and stained glass by Edward Burne-Jones. Morris wanted a home for himself and his new wife, Jane. He also desired to have a “Palace of Art” in which he and his friends could enjoy producing works of art. The house is of warm red brick with a steep tiled roof and an emphasis on natural materials. It was the first domestic dwelling to have stained glass windows.

The garden is also significant, being an early example of the idea of a garden as a series of exterior “rooms”. Morris wanted the garden to be an integral part of the house, providing a seamless experience. The “rooms” were comprised of a herb garden, a vegetable garden, and two rooms full of old-fashioned flowers

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